Thomas was born in Wolverhampton in 1876, the son of James and Jane Bosworth. He was living at Court 6, 25 Salop Street, Wolverhampton in 1891, along with his parents and siblings Emma, James, Harry, Annie and Richard. Thomas was a lock key smith.
Thomas enlisted with the 1st Battalion of the South Staffordshire Regiment (number 9029). He served for 21 years in the army. For fifteen months, he was presumed missing, but was then reported by the War Office to have been killed in action in France on 7 November 1914. His sister, now Emma Richards, living at 29 Salop Street, Wolverhampton. An article in the Express & Star on 19 February 1916 confirmed these details. Thomas is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.