Samuel was born in Wolverhampton on 12 November 1899, the son of Samuel and Annie Foster. In 1901, he was living with his parents and brother Steven at 118 Hall Street, Wednesfield. They had moved to New Inn, Wednesfield, by 1911, with the addition of two sisters for Samuel, Nellie and Frances. At some point he worked for the Weldless Steel Tube Company Ltd, as his name is listed on their Roll of Honour.
In 1917, he enlisted in the army, when his trade was given as machinist and his address was New Inn, Rookery Street, Wednesfield. On 15 June 1918, he joined the 5th South Staffordshire Regiment (number 58158). On 4 July 1918 he transferred to the 4th Hampshire Regiment in Ireland, but he ceased to be attached to them on 4 December 1918. He was demobilised on 8 February 1919.
He married Eleanor Kendrick in 1922, and the couple had three children – Frances, Kendrick and Samuel W. – between 1926 and 1931. Samuel died in Wolverhampton on 10 March 1979, leaving effects to the value of £73,231.