Luke was born in Wolverhampton in 1890, the son of Henry and Sarah Ann. In 1891, they were living at 15 East Street, Wolverhampton, together with Luke’s siblings George, Charles, Mary Ann, Charlotte, Henry and Arthur. By 1901 they are at 38 Parkfield Road, Bilston, and Luke has a further two sisters, Sarah A. and Ada. They are at 652 Parkfield Road in 1911, by which date Luke has become a tube worker like his father.
Luke served for several years with the Territorials before joining the 4th Battalion of the South Staffordshire Regiment (service number 12903) on the outbreak of war. He first served in France on 17 December 1914. He was killed in action on 11 February 1915, and the announcement of his death appeared in the Express & Star on 9 March 1915. He is remembered at the Rue-David Military Cemetery, Fleurbaix, France.